In virgin soils (forests, meadows or forests) where the hand of man has not intervened and all the processes continue to occur naturally, there is a process of natural fertilization through the degradation of organic matter and the interaction of the present microorganisms . In these soils you can observe vegetations with positive developments in their growth, reproduction and diseases, without the need of fertilization or pesticide applications.
For many years, the soils in which we now cultivate belonged to this type of ecosystems. From the agricultural implementation, we began to alter soils through practices such as deforestation, monocultures, use of heavy machinery, use of chemical fertilizers, synthetic pesticides, etc., which have been generating pollution, compaction, salinity, loss of organic matter, etc. Little by little these practices have originated a greater expense for the producers, the time goes by and it is more difficult to produce quality and quantity foods, which originates the need to generate new production technologies, but in its majority the new products are elaborated by synthetic bases forgetting what naturally constitutes a soil.
One of the interesting theories to build soils and make them more effective, is to start adding ingredients that naturally shape it to recreate a soil habitat, not identical, as it would be impossible, but to approach to what naturally was. It is true that for a production like the one that the people of the world demand, we have to help ourselves from the application of synthetic fertilizers and it is demonstrated that when we combine them with organic products, we potentiate their effectiveness.
In summary, one of the fundamental ingredients and of vital importance in soils in general, is the organic matter (compost) from this the life of the soil begins to work through the action mainly of fungus (mountain microorganisms “MM”) disintegrating it and helping the first phase of the degradation producing thus, humid, (leached) on which will work mostly lactic acid bacteria (microbial complex) that through enzymatic processes will form humic acids which will help the activation of fungus and bacteria that in turn will form fulvic acids and carboxylic acids important for the unblocking of soils with sodium and carbonate action releasing elements and chelating nutrients (fertilizers) so that they can freely enter the plant forming a cycle.
All these ingredients together and well used are able to generate the following:
– Aeration (oxygenation).
– Act on soluble salts (Na) and insoluble (CO3).
– Generate chelating agents.
– Maximize the use of nutrients in the soil.
– Improves permeability and water retention.
– Disease control among others.
It is very important to apply microorganisms but do not forget that they are living organisms and that they have to feed and be repopulated with applications of compost, humic, complexes of microorganisms and carbohydrates to carry out their work and continue reproducing. Another important point is that by introducing microorganisms of a single species in large quantities we could generate an imbalance, studies at a macroscopic level show that introducing a single species in quantity in any type of habitat destabilizes the ecosystem.